I have some confusion when I calculate the welfare Evaluation, I used FOC condition and (order = 2) to calculate the welfare. from DYNARE’s Output, when I have a model without any distortion (Social planner), so (Expected value of welfare = -53.0044) and i have another model with markup distortion (E(welfare)= -44.5868). my question here:

- How when I add markup distortion the welfare is higher, it’s not make sense, or I did something wrong?.
- I used this method to calculate welfare loss/gain; lambda =(EXP((1-0.99)
*(E(V1-V*))-1)*100, the result (8.78%)

This mean it will be welfare loss or gain?

Thanks a lot