Hallo every one, I have confusion about the specification of the risk premium function in small open economy DSGE model as following

- First paper, Adolfson et al. (2007) : http://archive.riksbank.se/Upload/WorkingPapers/WP_179.pdf

On the page 16, the risk premium function, `risk(t)`

, is defined as

`risk(t) = exp[ - Psi*( A(t) - barA ) + phi(t) ]`

Then the log-linear form of the UIP is derived on page. 16 as

`R(t) - R*(t) = E_(t) S(t+1) - S(t) - Psi*a(t) + phi(t)`

So based on the above UIP, we see that a positive shock to risk premium would **rises domestic interest rate and real exchange rate depreciation.**

- Second paper, Justiniano and Preston (2010): https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jae.1153>

On the page of 96, the risk premium function, `risk(t)`

, is defined as

`risk(t) = exp[ - Psi*( A(t) + phi(t) ) ]`

Then the log-linear form of the UIP is derived on page. 101 as

`[ i(t) - E_(t)pi(t+1) ] - [ i*(t) - E_(t) pi*(t+1) ] =E_(t)q(t+1) - q(t) - Psi* a(t) - phi(t)`

So based on the above UIP, we see that a positive shock to risk premium would **decline domestic interest rate and real exchange rate appreciation.**

In short, so we can see the big difference of specification btw these two paper in that based on Adolson et al.(2007): a positive shock to risk premium would **rises domestic interest rate and real exchange rate depreciation.**

but according to Justiniano and Preston (2010): a positive shock to risk premium would **decline domestic interest rate and real exchange rate appreciation.**

But can someone give me some explanations for that: why Justiniano and Preston (2010) specify a strictly decreasing function in the risk premium shock ? Meanwhile, Adolfson (2007) specify a strictly increasing function in the risk premium shock?

I am personally satisfy with the specification of Adolfson (2007), for example, a positive risk premium will increase domestic interest rate (see the Adolfson (2007) specification of the UIP above). Intuitively, home country is now net borrower, so they must pay more interest rate to foreigner. This meaning is identical to the specification of an influential study of Schmitt-Grohé and Uribe (2003) at https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022199602000569

Thus, These two different specification of Adolfson (2007) and Justiniano and Preston (2010) result the different responsiveness of domestic interest rate and exchange rate

Thank you a lot