Dear all,

I encountered some difficulties by incorporating a specific process and do not know whether I need to de-trend it or not, and if so, how to do it.

I have the following exogenous processes in logs:

```
da = mu+x(-1)+zeta*w(-1) + exp(v(-1))*e_a;
x = rho_x*x(-1)+exp(v(-1))*e_x;
v = rho_v*v(-1) - sigma_v/sigma_x*e_x;
dw = mu+(rho_w-1)*(w(-1)-a(-1)-w_bar)+kappa*x(-1)+e_w;
```

da = Productivity growth process (labor augmenting)

x = Long run risk component

v = Stochastic vola

dw= Oil supply growth process

The problem arises, I guess, since da and dw are conintegrated.

Due to ‘da’, consumption, output etc have a trend. I can de-trend them by normalizing with e.g. A_t-1, i.e.

`C_head = C / A_t-1`

Due to conintegration, I also need to de-trend the oil resource constraint:

where G is oil consumption and O is oil as a production factor.

If I do so, I have W_head.

The questions now are:

1)How do I de-trend dw in order to define W_head?

- I probably ‘just’ need to find a way to recursively write W_head in terms of dw, right? But how?
- Or do I need to de-trend the whole process somehow?

- I also need to specify a and w in log levels since they appear in the processes. How do I do that?

Can I just write:

```
a(-1) = a - da
w(-1) = w -dw
```

BUT: wouldn’t arise the problem that I still dont have the log levels of ‘a’ and ‘w’?

- Do I also need to think about a trend which arises separately from ‘dw’? Or is it taken care of if I de-trend with A_t-1 because of conintegration?

Many many thanks in advance.